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African Penguin at Boulders Beach | Simon's Town - Western Cape, South Africa (IMG_9197.jpg)

African Penguin at Boulders Beach

Another name that is occasionally used for the African penguin is the Blackfooted Penguin. The closest relatives of the African penguin are the Humboldt and Magellanic penguins of South America and the Galapagos penguins of the Galapagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador. Penguins are ancient birds, probably evolving about 65 million years ago, at the time that dinosaurs became extinct. Since penguins are well adapted to the cold, the South American and African penguins feel the heat on land and have evolved various ways to cope with the sun.
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