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Haut-Koenigsbourg Castle, Orschwiller, Alsace, France | Haut-Koenigsbourg Castle - Alsace, France (IMG_3209.jpg)

Haut-Koenigsbourg Castle, Orschwiller, Alsace, France

The castle was built by Frédéric le Borgne, duke of Souabe and a member of the Hohenstaufens family, who wanted to reinforce his power in Alsace by building a defence line made of castles placed all over the region. Haut-Koenigsbourg was built somewhere around 1147, on a 700 metres high peak of a mountain which proved to be the ideal strategic position for observing the Alsace plain stretching below it. During the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648), the castle was conquered by the Swedish army fighting against Hapsburg monarchy, and was burnt to the ground.
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